Tag: UNIX

WINE logoBy Marcos Aguilar

It may occur that the user needs to run a Windows application or game in Ubuntu and it finds that it cannot install windows programs.

Wine is a piece of software that tricks programs to believe they are running in a Windows environment.

In addition, this article will explain how to install Winetricks libraries needed to run windows, and PlayOnLinux applications to run games.

WINE

Wine comes in the Ubuntu repositories, ready to install. All the user has to do is open a terminal (applications -> accessories -> terminal) and enter the following command:

sudo apt-get install wine

The best option is to get the latest version of wine so the user should add its repositories.

Note: Ubuntu 12.04 has the latest version of Wine (version number 1.4) so it is not need to add its repositories.

For earlier versions of Ubuntu, open a terminal and run the following command:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Press Enter, write the root password (for security reasons, not visible while the user types), we hit Enter.

Update the repository with the following command:

sudo apt-get update

Press Enter and the user would be ready for installation.

Once the repositories were added, and depending on whether there is a version of Wine already installed, do one of the following:

If Wine is not installed, issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install wine

If the user has an earlier version of Wine (the official Ubuntu repositories) installed, it can be updated with the following command:

sudo apt-get upgrade

Running Wine:

The Wine Menu already shows under Applications. It can be used to access Windows programs and Configure Wine (you can also configure it from a terminal with the winecfg command).

To install a.exe program, click the right mouse button on it and select “open with wine windows program loader”.

We can also run a program on a terminal with the following command:

sudo wine program.exe

It is a good idea that before installing a piece of software, especially if it’s powerful and complex, check the official WineHQ site, to see if the program would work well. It sometimes happens that it is necessary to install a library or dll for the program to work properly.

WINETRICKS

Often, the application the user tries to run fails because there is a required missing dynamic link library (DLL).

Winetricks is a script that will help the user in that task. With this script, the user can download and install the libraries that are required by the windows programs.

To install:

For the latest version of wine:

Those who have added the Wine repositories in Ubuntu and/or have installed the latest version of Wine, they should have winetricks with a package repository included. This is because it is automatically installed as a dependency when wine is installed.

It may also be desired to install the cabextract package:

sudo apt-get install cabextract

To launch it, press the ALT + F2 key combination and run:

winetricks

A window showing all the libraries will open, select the needed ones, press accept and install as in windows: accept, accept… end.

For other versions of wine:

Open a terminal:

Download winetricks with the following command:

wget http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks

This will download the script in users’ personal folder and should never be deleted.

Winetricks does not need to be installed and libraries, it can be installed directly with the following command:

sh winetricks library

Eg. to install the “corefonts” and “directx9″ libraries run:

sh winetricks directx9 corefonts

PLAYONLINUX

PlayOnLinux allows users to run games. It’s in the Ubuntu repositories and can be installed with this command:

sudo apt-get install playonlinux

To install the very last version, add the proper repositories for the Ubuntu version the user has:

Ubuntu 11.04:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_natty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Ubuntu 10.10:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_maverick.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Ubuntu 10.04:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_lucid.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Once the repositories are added, PlayOnLinux is updated and installed with:

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install playonlinux

For Debian Squeeze, would be:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | apt-key add -

wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_squeeze.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

apt-get update

apt-get install playonlinux

Learn more about wine compatible software.

Our blog is run and maintained by Linux & Unix fans who volunteered to share their experience with the world at no cost!! This is the power of Linux & Unix!! Visit us on http://www.linux2aix.com.

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Linux Vs Windows Web Hosting

By George Szifo

Linux web hosting (often referred to as LAMP – Linux, Apache, MySQL & PHP) solutions are suitable for webmasters who use Linux hosting features, such as Perl programming, PHP programming and MySQL database.

Windows Web Hosting gives a company the capability of designing web sites using the ever-popular Windows Operating System. This allows development using technologies such as Active Server Pages (ASP), COM, and the newer.NET infrastructure.

Advantages of using Linux based server compared to Windows based web server:-

1.Stable:-

Linux operating system is very stable and robust. A website hosted on a Linux operating system will have very high up-time.

2. Low cost of ownership:-

Linux OS comes free of cost. Also, it has fully fledged server, and desk top applications that come free with the OS. These server applications (such as FTP, Web Server, DNS Server, File Server etc.) are also very stable.

3. Easy to move between hosts:

A website designed to host on a Linux server can be hosted on a Windows server easily, where as the reverse is not always true.

4. Most widely used: Linux/Unix based web hosting is most widely used compared to Windows web hosting.

5. Scalability: A web site designed for compatibility with a Linux/Unix based web server meets the scalability requirement easily without making any site wide design changes.

Disadvantage:-

Linux based web server is not fully compatible with Microsoft technologies. If you are using any specialized applications or VB for development of your web site, it is preferable to host with a Windows based web server.

Both these web server are used by users for different purposes and the selection of the web hosting depends upon the nature of the website or business. Linux server administration and Linux server management has been more effective for complex websites, where as Windows servers are used for sites which needs different configuration.

 

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By Justin Knights

Both Linux and Unix sound very similar to each other and they are both in fact is similar because they have many things associated with one another. Both can be used as an operating system that can do well for you but in order to have a better picture on the difference between them, let us take a further look into them.

In the older days, Unix was the only option for corporations. Linux was an operating system that spawned off from Unix. It was initially an academic project and was not even being considered for networking purposes. Things only changed after a few years as the system head mainstream because there a many software developers out there using it and providing support for it. Since then, Linux has emerged to be a solution for small to medium sized operations while Unix remains the choice for more demanding operations where multiple process and systems are involved.

As for the cost for the distribution of these two systems, Linux will be ahead of Unix because it remains as an open-sourced option. Users can obtain it for free unless they are planning to use it on a server environment. If that is the case, they might have to make a initial purchase. Unix on the other hand requires a fee making it costlier than Linux. If you include hardware, a Unix server might cost from $25,000 and above. therefore, Unix is in a difficult position to be competitive towards Linux. This makes it even easier for users to choose the latter of the two hosting option.

The growth of Linux in recent years has been proving it to be a solid solution for users out thee especially when used in a server-based operating system. This has force Unix to customize their features to make it more compatible with Linux in order to stay competitive. Unix systems like AIX, Solaris and HP-UX have all been modified and integrated to make it more similar to Linux. So, you can say that Linux has become more powerful than Unix in today’s world of operating system.

Before I end this article…

Without doubt, web hosting is a must-learn topic for every modern business owner nowadays. Since you are reading this article, there are high chances that you are actually one of us that need guides in term of website hosting.

If you are new and are having hard time picking up the right web host, I suggest you to have a look on TopWebHostReview.net. It’s an informative site that help cut the guess work and provides useful web host buying guide. I am sure their unbiased hosting reviews and top web host awards ( like this Best WordPress Hosting ) will help you to select the best web host in no time.

This article is written by Justin Knights, a freelance techie who loves to write about web hosting and development tips.

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By John Lenaghan

Windows or Unix/Linux – which operating system should you choose for your web hosting? This question is often asked when webmasters start looking for web site hosting. The operating system you choose can make a big difference in your business plans as your website grows.

Windows-Based Web Hosts

Windows-based servers use programs such as Microsoft Access and MS SQL for “back-end” operations. Scripting is also handled by Microsoft technologies such as ASP (Active Server Pages) and VBScript.

Perhaps more importantly, Windows-based servers can easily be managed and multiplexed by using .NET technology. They offer excellent support, security and integration for Microsoft products.

They’re a good choice for either shared or dedicated hosting, but the features offered by Windows servers do come at an extra cost which may be an issue for small businesses.

The reason there is often a higher cost associated with Windows servers is because the software they are based on costs the hosting company money. They have to buy them all from Microsoft, and that cost gets passed on to you.

This is in comparison to the free software technologies which are generally used on Unix or Linux-based servers.

Unix/Linux-Based Web Hosts

Unix and Linux are two different operating systems, but because they work essentially the same way, we’ll consider them as one for the purposes of this article.

One of the most important characteristics of Unix-based servers is that they can handle a large amount of traffic. Unix is a robust operating system and can easily handle hosting multiple websites on a single server.

They’re also very flexible and the services running on a given webserver are easily customizable. Unlike Windows, Unix servers aren’t limited to special remote administration programs. Any computer with an internet connection can login to a typical Unix server using freely available software.

A lot of webmasters choose Unix over Windows because of the server uptime. Windows servers can provide very good uptime as well, but to do so the web hosting company has to be proficient with Microsoft systems. There tend to be more hosts who are familiar with Unix than with Windows on the hosting side of things.

So Which is the Right Choice?

For the average website, a Unix hosting plan is often the best choice. However, if you need to use Microsoft technologies such as Access or MS SQL databases, or ASP or VBScript scripting languages, you should opt for a Windows host.

Note that even though Frontpage is a Microsoft product, it is supported by both Windows and Unix hosts. If you’re considering a Unix host and using Frontpage, make sure they offer “Frontpage Extensions” support.

John Lenaghan writes about Unix & Windows web hosting, business hosting and other website hosting topics on the Hosting Report website. Find out more at http://www.hostingreport.org

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By Daryl DSouza

Websites have become a need for many entrepreneurs. Small and large enterprises, alike, make sure that they have a website to represent their business. But having a website is not a child’s play! You need to take care of many things. Choosing a web hosting company is the easiest option available to you. You need not worry about anything that way. The company will see to all your hosting needs. However, this easy way out may prove disastrous, if you do not choose an appropriate web hosting company.

There are many things to consider before finalizing a web hosting company. The service provider should have the technical expertise and resources to host a website. It should not be a novice to this field. The services should be affordable. Less downtime, technical support, and back-up services are mandatory traits. Apart from all this, clients also need to find out which operating systems the web hosting company hosts its website. There are four operating systems to host a website. They cannot be compared to each other. Each one is good in its own way. The four operating systems can be given as below:

*Windows: Microsoft Windows is a popular operating system amongst website hosting companies. It is a good choice for both – shared servers and dedicated server. It can easily integrate Microsoft products. Support can be easily procured for this OS. However, running a Windows operating system may prove expensive. You should select windows web hosting company, only if you are acquainted with maintaining Window systems.

*Linux: Linux has many advantages over Windows. It is cheaper than Windows. It is platform independent. Anybody can use access the website, no matter which operating system they are using. However, new users may not find it easy to use. Besides, Linux come from different companies. There is no standard edition of Linux like Windows. You can go for it if you are planning to host your site on a shared server. Using it on a dedicated server is not advisable.

*Unix: Unix is similar to Linux. There are many advantages associated with a Unix web hosting company. As compared to Windows; Unix enjoys high up-time, better server load handling capacity, and reliability. However, availability of Unix software is less in the market. It is not used as much as Windows or Linux, because it is more expensive than Linux. The hardware for Unix is more specific. It is recommended for virtual web server.

*Macintosh: Macintosh operating systems are rarely found. You may find it very difficult to find a web hosting company to host it on Macintosh. However, it is the most secured OS. Hackers may not be able to hack the server easily. It is the most expensive OS in the four operating systems.

These are the four operating systems on which a web hosting company can host your website. One cannot debate on which OS is better! It largely depends on the programming language you used to create your website and the applications you run on your web server. Web hosting companies usually host the website on Windows or Linux. You need to consider all the aspects before finalizing on which operating system to use.

Author is connected with web hosting company India – Zysek. Author often writes Indian website hosting and managed IT services in India articles. Check more information at Zysek.com.

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Which Operating System is More Functional – Windows Or UNIX (Linux)?

By Charles S Taylor

Choosing the efficient Operating System is depends on several factors. Whether it is for personal use or for office use, choosing the OS platform is the vital part

History of Unix chart

History of Unix chart (click for larger)

of long-term plan, as it can’t be changed often. You need to consider your requirements both short-term and long-term and the features of Windows and UNIX before choosing the OS.

The following are the some of the important features and properties of the two Operating Systems that will help you to understand them better.

1. Multi-User System: Windows OS is designed to be used by one person at a time, whereas multiple persons can share UNIX OS at a time in a network.

2. Security: Windows users are burdened with the need for anti-virus and anti-spyware software. On the other side, for UNIX it is not required, as it is more secure than Windows.

3. Bugs: UNIX has a reputation for fewer bugs (programming mistakes) than Windows.

4. Performance: Under low-stress conditions, both have similar performance.

However, under high load, UNIX is superior to Windows.

5. Simplicity: To operate UNIX OS we need a little knowledge of Character User Interface, whereas it is very simple to operate Windows OS.

6. Compatibility: If you designed a website under a UNIX server you can easily host it on the Windows server, but the reverse is not always possible.

7. Website Hosting: If you want to use MySQL as backend then go for UNIX. If you need MSSQL as backend then Windows OS is a better option.

8. Application Software: You will get Application software along with UNIX OS package, whereas with Windows you won’t get it.

9. Run the OS without installing it: UNIX can be run with Live CD even without installing it. Windows cannot run until it is installing into hard disk.

10. File System: UNIX protects data with Journalized file system, while Windows uses both journalized and non-journalized file systems. There is less protection of data with the non-journalized file systems.

11. Fragmentation: UNIX file system doesn’t suffer from file fragmentation but Windows file system will be, which results a single file may scatter all over the hard disk as fragments.

12. Crossing the OS boundary: Some Application softwares written for UNIX will not run under Windows and vice versa.

13. Placing User Data: UNIX stores all user data in the home directory making it much easier to migrate from an old computer to new one.

On the other hand, Windows stores data anywhere in the hard disk making it hard to backup files when switching to a new computer.

14. Hardware Compatibility: UNIX can run on different hardware platforms but Windows can’t.

15. Supported hardware devices: UNIX supports less hardware devices than Windows.

16. Ability to run without GUI: UNIX can run without Graphical User Interface so it needs less hardware horsepower than Windows.

17. Price: You can get a copy of genuine UNIX free of cost, whereas you have to buy Windows OS.

The two Operating Systems serve different purposes. The above information helps you to choose the better one that suits your requirements.

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By Paul Santos

Windows and UNIX are in fact two different systems and of course we are referring to computer systems. A web host uses computers, (we shall refer to them as servers, just computers, but sometimes larger) to host websites, and all computers need a operating system, so Windows and UNIX are the operating system.

The Windows used is normally Windows NT or 2000 and of course as you know Microsoft charges for it’s software, while UNIX is an open source operating system, this means that the original creators of the system have given up the rights and anyone can use it, change, improve or do anything they want with, free of charge.

From this we already have to main differences, Window hosts are more expensive and UNIX is more reliable, because it as been improved by thousands of anonymous people. Most probably you are reading this in front of your computer which most probably is operates on a Windows XP, have you noticed that it sometimes, it freezes, and the only solution is to restart it? UNIX is much more stable, robust, time-tested, flexible platform for a web server.

But Windows servers have also it’s positive sides, they are compatible with Microsoft applications, and fully support Microsoft FrontPage, Microsoft Access and MS SQL, they also offer advance-programming environments and features such as Active Server Pages (ASP), the ASP.NET framework, Visual Basic Scripts, MS Index Server, Macromedia’s and Cold Fusion.

Windows operating system require little or no experience in web development to get advanced features working very quickly because of better graphical user interface (GUI) Software such as Microsoft’s FrontPage is specially developed for the webmaster to decrease the website development time and efforts.

Lets go back again to UNIX, they support FrontPage, Flash, Shockwave, Real Audio/Video, Cgi Scripts, Perl, PHP, SSH (Secure Telnet), MySQL, Web-Based Control System, Anonymous FTP, Web Site Graphical Statistics, Web-Based Email System, Miva/XML, Cold Fusion Perl, JAVA, PHP, C, C++, Miva, Shell Access and other wide verity of feature like Telnet and SSH that provides lots of flexibility and freedom in managing file and directories, but some of this require advance knowledge of Unix commands in order for you to customize the scripts to match your website needs. Because of the nature of UNIX, (open source) and the people who love it, there is on the WWW freely available software and scripts, again bringing the cost down.

Concluding which one is the best, it really depends what you need, if you need high uptime, security and not so expensive then go with UNIX, if you need to run Windows applications like, MS Access or the MS SQL SERVER then Windows is your choice.

Paul Santos
CEO
Hosting Marketers
Red5 Hosting

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By Trevor Mulholland

If you’re in the USA, and you’re planning to get into the USA reseller web hosting industry, you need to consider one major issue, first and foremost: would you like to offer Unix-ready features along with Microsoft-only ones?

Offering Microsoft-only services may seem to be the smart choice, but supporting Unix is its own asset, which could open a world of opportunities for you as a USA reseller web hosting outfit. In fact, if you have avenues to ask for both Microsoft and Unix support from your web host, all the better!

One downside to reselling web space instead of putting up your own server is that you don’t get to control the basics. As a reseller, you may be able to change things around via the standard control panel. You may even have limited access to certain features like merchant accounts and secure site hosting. But when you want to switch between operating systems, or OS-es – it’s unfortunately not your call, but your web host’s.

Web hosts determine the kind of OS-es that run on their servers. Many web hosts offer both Windows and Unix features, by using Unix machines as servers, and then just running Windows programs and servers within these machines. Over time, Unix server OSes have become increasingly tolerant of Windows programs, which makes a Unix server a sweet deal for web hosts and resellers alike.

Unix servers are cost efficient because they are ideal for running open source programs. Preferring open source programs help save on operational costs, since they’re mostly free for use, depending on the specifications of the persons or outfits who developed the codes to be used. When you run paid programs or servers on your machines, you don’t only need to think of the cost of buying the software – you also need to consider the potential costs of license renewal.

There is, after all, no assurance that software licensing will cost the same throughout the years! And you have to consider that in your profit projections if you are running a webhost. Thankfully, you don’t need to be concerned with that as a reseller. However, as a reseller, you should be aware of what software your potential customers will need.

If your web host only supports Unix and open source features, you run the risk of losing a big part of your clientele. But you run the same risk if your host only supports Microsoft and Windows! As a USA reseller web hosting outfit, you should be intimately aware of the needs of your target market.

ResellerShed.com provides you with info on Affordable hosting reseller, usa reseller web hosting and much more, come take a look at http://www.resellershed.com/.

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UNIX Or Windows Hosting

By Alesia Arefjeva

This question, the answer on which is obvious to the experienced webmaster, can stump the beginner.

There is a comparison of two most popular platforms – UNIX and Windows, supported by overwhelming majority of providers. Besides, we attempt to dispel some wrong representations concerning these platforms.

One of the greatest errors among beginners is that one should place a site on that platform which was used for development i.e. if it is supposed to place the project on a server under UNIX, so it is obligatory to construct it on a machine which also uses UNIX. This is not an absolute truth. The Operating system with which you work on the computer while creating a site, can be whatever.

Convenience in Usage of a hosting platform

For the last years providers have put maximum of efforts to facilitate administration of sites to clients both under UNIX and under Windows. Today there is no difference between these platforms in relation to ease and simplicity of usage. If you are a sophisticated user and prefer to use shell, select UNIX. However, if you are the beginner, you find user-friendly control panel with the web interface on both platforms.

Hosting Reliability

Experts agree in opinion that UNIX is more reliable. However, my personal experience of 3-year-old IIS 3.0 maintenance under Windows NT 4.0, shows that reliability of a Windows platform can be approximated considerably to UNIX. In a much bigger degree reliability is influenced by professional level of serving staff. It means that you can make solution on a platform choice, considering at first other differences in features of platforms.

Hosting Speed

There is no essential difference between these two platforms concerning speed at hosting problem solving.

Hosting functionality

It is the factor on which two platforms differ most of all. But there can be tasks realized on one platform and which cannot be realized on another. The main difference is: how this result is reached. For example, if your site uses a database, you can use or sheaf PHP/MySQL under UNIX or ASP/MS SQL under Windows. The tendency of development of solutions which will be supported on both platforms is tracked. For example, Microsoft FrontPage, is supported both on UNIX and on Windows.

Hosting cost

Here UNIX for the present favorably differs because, first, the majority of software products under UNIX extends under free licenses, and secondly, it is much easier to achieve the same level of reliability and efficiency on UNIX, than on Windows.

If you definitely do not plan to use technologies and the solutions supported only by a platform of Windows (see below) most likely it makes sense to select UNIX platform.

Alesia Arefjeva is a web marketer – website hosting and domain name registration provider.

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Web Hosting on UNIX Servers

By Amit Bhawani

For anyone who wishes to engage in doing business on the Internet, the first step should always be to determine which web hosting company will host the businesses website. It can be easy to determine the lowest price, as well as finding testimonials from customers about their experience with a respective hosting provider. What might not be as easy for the average person to determine is whether the need UNIX hosting or Windows hosting. Choosing web hosting on UNIX servers has advantages over Windows servers.

UNIX hosting has a reputation for being far more stable than Windows. While Windows has become more stable of late, many hosting service providers continue to use UNIX for its ongoing and long-time stability history. In addition to the stability advantage associated with web hosting on UNIX servers benefits such as free applications can also be found from some hosting companies. If you have programming knowledge, it is possible for you to further develop many open source programs that are available to web masters on UNIX servers. Your business may rely on some applications being further developed so the advantage of them being open source goes without saying.

Some knowledge of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) clients should be acquired or navigating around the interface can at times be trying if one is new the web hosting on UNIX servers. The tech support offered by your web hosting company can also assist when necessary. The main reason UNIX servers remain a stable hosting base is that the operating system consumes much fewer resources leading to faster performing sites from the loading time of the website to download speeds, unlike the Windows based OS which is quite complex to understand, setup and is also not completely secured.

Whereas updates to Windows often result in significant financial costs, developers continue to freely release updates to the Linux operating system. When these updates are available one can update their operating system free of charge and keep the performance of the website at a high level. Using Windows also requires you to place your website into a temporary offline state prior to the upgrade. Linux provides much smoother transitions. These are just some of the advantages to web hosting on UNIX servers. If you are considering taking you business to the Internet it is important to do your homework regarding hosting services in order to determine the best service provider and hosting platform for the success of your business.

Amit Bhawani is a Professional Blogger who is a partner at Digital World Solutions and offers useful website development tips online. In order to find out more on Multiple Domain Hosting and similar website and webmaster related guides, check out Best Hosting Advices.

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