Tag: ubuntu

WINE logoBy Marcos Aguilar

It may occur that the user needs to run a Windows application or game in Ubuntu and it finds that it cannot install windows programs.

Wine is a piece of software that tricks programs to believe they are running in a Windows environment.

In addition, this article will explain how to install Winetricks libraries needed to run windows, and PlayOnLinux applications to run games.

WINE

Wine comes in the Ubuntu repositories, ready to install. All the user has to do is open a terminal (applications -> accessories -> terminal) and enter the following command:

sudo apt-get install wine

The best option is to get the latest version of wine so the user should add its repositories.

Note: Ubuntu 12.04 has the latest version of Wine (version number 1.4) so it is not need to add its repositories.

For earlier versions of Ubuntu, open a terminal and run the following command:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Press Enter, write the root password (for security reasons, not visible while the user types), we hit Enter.

Update the repository with the following command:

sudo apt-get update

Press Enter and the user would be ready for installation.

Once the repositories were added, and depending on whether there is a version of Wine already installed, do one of the following:

If Wine is not installed, issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install wine

If the user has an earlier version of Wine (the official Ubuntu repositories) installed, it can be updated with the following command:

sudo apt-get upgrade

Running Wine:

The Wine Menu already shows under Applications. It can be used to access Windows programs and Configure Wine (you can also configure it from a terminal with the winecfg command).

To install a.exe program, click the right mouse button on it and select “open with wine windows program loader”.

We can also run a program on a terminal with the following command:

sudo wine program.exe

It is a good idea that before installing a piece of software, especially if it’s powerful and complex, check the official WineHQ site, to see if the program would work well. It sometimes happens that it is necessary to install a library or dll for the program to work properly.

WINETRICKS

Often, the application the user tries to run fails because there is a required missing dynamic link library (DLL).

Winetricks is a script that will help the user in that task. With this script, the user can download and install the libraries that are required by the windows programs.

To install:

For the latest version of wine:

Those who have added the Wine repositories in Ubuntu and/or have installed the latest version of Wine, they should have winetricks with a package repository included. This is because it is automatically installed as a dependency when wine is installed.

It may also be desired to install the cabextract package:

sudo apt-get install cabextract

To launch it, press the ALT + F2 key combination and run:

winetricks

A window showing all the libraries will open, select the needed ones, press accept and install as in windows: accept, accept… end.

For other versions of wine:

Open a terminal:

Download winetricks with the following command:

wget http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks

This will download the script in users’ personal folder and should never be deleted.

Winetricks does not need to be installed and libraries, it can be installed directly with the following command:

sh winetricks library

Eg. to install the “corefonts” and “directx9″ libraries run:

sh winetricks directx9 corefonts

PLAYONLINUX

PlayOnLinux allows users to run games. It’s in the Ubuntu repositories and can be installed with this command:

sudo apt-get install playonlinux

To install the very last version, add the proper repositories for the Ubuntu version the user has:

Ubuntu 11.04:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_natty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Ubuntu 10.10:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_maverick.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Ubuntu 10.04:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_lucid.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

Once the repositories are added, PlayOnLinux is updated and installed with:

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install playonlinux

For Debian Squeeze, would be:

wget -q “deb.playonlinux.com/public.gpg” -O- | apt-key add -

wget deb.playonlinux.com/playonlinux_squeeze.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list

apt-get update

apt-get install playonlinux

Learn more about wine compatible software.

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By Andrew Spalding

Ubuntu

Those looking to create a home network may find it is necessary to set up home servers. These are useful in making sure that you are able to use your computers the way that you want to use them when you want to use them.

The two main ways that you can accomplish this is through the use of the Linux Ubuntu home server and the Amahi home server. These servers are designed to provide you with instant access to all of your information throughout your devices.

The Linux system offers those who run the Ubuntu home server fast access which maximizes information sharing across devices. This same accessibility and ease of use is possible whenever using the Amahi Amahi Logohome server.

It is not only easy to set up. It allows you the ability to maintain all your information safely and securely. Best of all, with the help of open source, it is likely that there will be an Ubuntu version of the Amahi home server coming soon.

Features of the Amahi Home Server

Those using the Amahi home server will be able to enjoy these features:

- Outlook Integration

- iCal Integration

- Open Search

- Superb Calendars

- Open Source

- Network Simplification

- Dynamic DNS

- Disk Monitoring

- File Sharing

- Easy Backups

- Virtual Private Network (VPN)

- One-Click Apps

- Disk Pooling

- Media Streaming

These features offer you the ability to access your information wherever and whenever you want to.

Benefits of Using Amahi Home Server

The ability to use a VPN means that you will be able to access all of your files even when you are away from your home and the home network. This will allow you to access files even when you are on the other side of the nation and need them for a meeting.

Being able to back up your system allows you to have protection in case one of the computers on your network crashes. Set up computers to constantly update to the network so that you will have the protection needed in case a system is infected with a virus.

The Amahi server also offers you the ability to organize all of your files throughout your network. This manages your ability to find files whenever necessary. Photos, videos, documents and all other files are easily accessible when using this system.

Sharing files along the system allows you to access videos and pictures from any device on your network. It also allows you to coordinate calendars with everyone in your home quickly and easily. Even calendars which are different systems are accessible through the network.

Protecting your information from unauthorized access also allows you to have better protection for all of your information. Better security is possible as all information runs through the reinforced firewalls of the server. Additional encryption and security measures means you will have to worry about infected computers less often. It is no wonder so many people are turning to Amahi server software.

Article was written by Andrew Spalding. If you would like to learn more about building computers and home servers. Then visit How to Build a Computer

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By Emma Rosenberg

64-windows7 logoThis article will detail how to dual boot Windows 7 and the latest Ubuntu distribution on a single computer using two hard drives. This is assuming you have two internal hard drives with an installation of Windows 7 already existing on one of them, and the second hard drive empty and ready for use. As a quick review of thesteps we will be going through, here are the steps in their simplest form. First, we will install a new Windows 7 copy or keep the existing installation. The second step is to acquire the latest Ubuntu distribution and then transfer it onlogo-ubuntuto either a DVD, CD, or USB drive. Third, we will install Ubuntu onto the second hard drive. Lastly, we will make modifications to Windows 7 and its boot program, in order to boot Ubuntu from its boot menu. Once these steps are done, you will have a computer that can boot both Windows 7 from one drive, and Ubuntu from the other, and freely alternative between the two. Having such a system can be useful for anyone trying to create an Ubuntu dedicated server on a Windows 7 system.

The first step is already assumed, so if you have not installed Windows 7, do so. We will begin on the second step, which is acquiring the latest Ubuntu distribution and then putting the downloaded image onto a DVD, CD, or USB flash drive. Go to the Ubuntu main website and go under the Downloads section. Download the release of your choice, but the latest distribution is always recommended. Most modern systems have a built iso burner, so proceed to burn Ubuntu onto the DVD/CD. If you don’t have an iso burner, place the.iso onto your USB flash drive.

Once that is completed, boot the computer from either the DVD, CD, or USB drive, depending on which option you chose. The installer will start automatically. Go through the initial steps per its instructions until you get to the “Installation type” page. There will be three options: Install Ubuntu alongside Windows 7, Replace Windows 7 with Ubuntu, and “Something else”. The last of the options, “Something else”, should be selected, and click continue. The first two options will install on the current hard drive, which is not what we want.

You will be brought to Ubuntu’s partitioning tool. Initialize your second hard disk by selecting it and then click on the button, New Partition Table. It will give a warning, which you can disregard and click continue. Once the hard drive has been initialized, you will create a partition on it made for Ubuntu. Make two partitions for / and Swap. To create these, choose the free spaces under SDB, and then select Add. The first partition is mounted in /boot, where you can choose between ext2 or ext4. The default disk space is optimal, so just leave the option as is and press Add. As for the second partition, it will be used for /, or the root file system directory. The most optimal disk space to designate for this partition is 4.4 GB, with file system of ext4. Press ok and add.

With these two partitions successfully implemented, we must select the location which the boot loader is installed in. The default location is the Master Boot Record of disk number 1. Do not install it here. Instead, choose the Master Boot Record in disk number 2, where Ubuntu is installed. In order to accomplish this, alter the “Device of boot loader installation” from SDA to SDB. Make sure it is SDB, and then click Install Now.

Following the installation, the computer will boot to Windows 7. The last step of the process is to add Ubuntu as an entry in the Windows boot menu. We have to access the Windows Boot Configuration Data (BCD), which can be done using quality freeware programs such as EasyBCD. Go to the EasyBCD website and to the downloads section, and select the “Download free for limited, non-commercial use.” The installation is straightforward and simple.

Once installed, load up EasyBCD and select Add New Entry tab. Select the Linux/BSD, and select GRUB2 from the Type menu. Change the name field to the edition of Ubuntu you installed, and then select Add Entry. Select the Edit Boot Menu button to check your results. If everything is correct, exit out of EasyBCD. Restart your computer and see if Ubuntu is in the boot menu for Windows 7. If you’ve followed this guide, then everything will work perfectly. Congratulations, you now have a system that can boot both Windows 7 and Ubuntu on two different hard drives!

Learn more about the capabilities of using a WIndows system for the purpose of a Ubuntu dedicated server.

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By Liz Lavender

Linux Mint is a upcoming and popular distribution of Linux. There are many common questions about Linux Mint that people want to know the answers to.

How do you install Linux Mint?

Download the distribution and burn it to a CD as an image and not a data file. You can put this CD into your computer and boot up from it. You have the option of previewing the operating system and not installing it if you wish. If you want to install it, simply click on the install icon on the desktop and follow the prompts. This process will take about 5 minutes to fill out basic information about about 20 to install.

How do you install the flash player to Linux Mint?

One version of Mint does not come with Flash. Simply search the repositories with the Mint Install tool and find Flash. This will install it to your system.

Is Ubuntu or Linux Mint Better?

Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu. The core system is basically the same. Mint comes with a different look and feel and a few additional tools. Neither one is really better than the other. There are differences that just come down to user preference.

How do you run EXE files in Mint?

You need to install a program called Wine. This will let you run EXE files and other Windows programs on your Linux system. It won’t run everything, but will do a fairly good job.

Where is the Thunderbird profile in Mint?

Your application settings are going to be in your home folder. Most of the time these folders start with a period meaning they are hidden from you. You need to select the option to see your hidden folders. For every Thunderbird folder to find your stored mail and profiles. This is the same for just about any program installed to your system.

Liz has been a freelance writer for over four years. Come visit her latest website over at http://walkietalkie-radios.com/ which helps people find the best deals on all types of walkie talkie radios.

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By Laura Ging

There are hundreds of versions of Linux to choose from with about five or six that are actually competitive with a large number of users. The most popular version today is Ubuntu. While this is a great distribution for any user of Linux, there is one that is gaining ground called Linux Mint. This is a great distribution to consider using on your computer.

One good reason to use this distribution is because it is based on Ubuntu. Everything that Ubuntu provides Mint also has. The one huge thing that stands out over Ubuntu is that Mint has a much better look and feel. The browns and oranges of Ubuntu are the most common thing to be criticized. Mint has a sleek and polished green and black look that many consider to be the nicest looking Linux distribution.

It takes advantages of all of Debian’s and Ubuntu’s packages. This means that there are tens of thousands of pieces of software that are available with one click installs that are going to work on your system. Using the package manager, simply search and click to install applications that you want on your machine. There are so many open source programs today that in most cases you can find a free piece of software to replace something you used on a different operating system.

One huge advantage of Linux Mint is that most of the plugins and codecs that you will need to play media and use your browser are already installed. For some users, they aren’t completely sure how to get certain things to play on their machine or to get their browser to function properly. Mint takes care of this for you so that you don’t have to do it.

Since it’s free, you may as well give Mint a try and boot up a Live CD to see how this version of Linux runs.

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By Herb Leibacher

Linux has a history of being difficult for beginners. For many years Linux really was for experts as doing anything in the operating system was pretty difficult and not too user friendly. As the years have moved on Linux has changed drastically. Every year it becomes easier and easier to use. The complicated expert functions are changed to simple point and click interfaces that most average users prefer.

Ubuntu has been known as one of the easiest distributions to learn for beginners since it is so simple. There is another distribution that might be easier than Ubuntu and that one is Linux Mint. Before this looks like another distribution war, it is not. Linux Mint is actually build on top of Ubuntu and uses the same packages and repositories. Ubuntu is in Linux Mint.

What makes Mint different is that many of the basic set up processes and plugins are included in the distribution. Flash automatically works without have to go to Adobe and select the debian package and install it. Some beginner users might not understand that they need to download the DEB package as opposed to the setup or EXE like they are used to. Things like Java are already installed. While this isn’t too difficult to get setup in Ubuntu, it could be for a new user. Mint typically takes these things that a new user might find a bit difficult and does it for you.

Another reason that this might be the best distribution to consider using is because it’s set up much like Windows users are used to using. There is a taskbar on the bottom of the screen. The “start” button, open programs, and similar icons are all in the same place as one is used to seeing them.

If you have started to get into Linux or have had some problems, download Linux Mint and give it a try.

Herb likes to write about technology issues. Please check out his website that contains bathroom floor cabinets information as well as small bathroom sink information.

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Linux Mint 9

By Rana Imran Yousuf

Review:

Linux Mint 9, codename “Isadora” has been released yesterday. The distribution based on Ubuntu with much Peppermint taste has just arrived. Linux Mint is a Linux distribution and its mission is to produce elegant, updated and comfortable desktop GNU/Linux. Based on Ubuntu 10.04 includes Gnome 2.30 as Desktop Manager and Thunderbird 3 to manage your email.

As major developments in this version we can highlight the following:

  • New Software Manager that has been rewritten and now contains about 30,000 packages available to users, 10 times more than the previous version. Also have ordered software by popularity and give the opportunity to users to add comments about the applications that appear on the Software Manager.
  • New Backup tool which has also been rewritten, allows you to backup data, as well as selection of installed softwares. This option is very useful for installing on multiple computers, this way we make installation on one of them and restore in others.
  • Menu improvements where we now have more options to set the different entries in the menus, as well as define the level of transparency. We need to enable desktop effects to enjoy it. In addition the initial menu allows adding favorite applications to have better visibility, as well as create shortcut menu as the desktop.
  • Installation options allow you to install the distribution as if it was a windows program as it was not available in the earlier versions. Similarly, the option is added by default to create a boot disk on a USB stick.

There are more new features, not few but we tend that install Linux Mint to discover them all. And if we have any questions, we have the ability to download a manual with all the details to begin using Linux Mint Isadora.

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By Scott Graves

Quite a few people have a tendency to dabble in Linux. This means that from time to time, they might download a distribution, burn it to a Live CD, and try it out on their computer without actually installing it to their machine. If you are a Windows user who is doing this, you need to try Linux Mint.

Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu which is the most popular distribution. This is a pretty big deal since Ubuntu which is based on Debian have thousands of packages of software already available from a simple point and click interface. If you have a need for software, Mint will allow you to easily install it. What else is an operating system good for if it can’t install and run applications easily?

Mint tends to have familiar Windows controls. This means that there is a panel, aka the taskbar, at the bottom of the screen. On the left is the “start” button, followed by shortcuts, and followed by open programs. The look and feel is similar to Windows making new users already feel somewhat comfortable with the system. If you are used to a certain configuration, having something very similar makes it easier to use.

Mint has a menu system that is fairly logical. There is favorites tab and an applications tab. This will let you get to all your software. New users find the menu system easy. There is more than enough software for the average computer user with a browser, editors, and an office suite.

The best part about Mint is that the music codec, Java, and Flash are preinstalled. This means that your media and browser will just work like you expect them to do. You will be able to open all your documents and media just like you are used to without having to install these manually.

Scott has been writing articles online on a number of interesting topics since 2007. In addition to his writing, Scott also operates a number of informative web sites. You can check out his latest website here: Hydraulic Lift Table which offers information on the Hydraulic Lift Table

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By Robert Fanning

Linux Mint KDE is another quality KDE distribution that you can choose from. It’s actually based on Ubuntu which will still give you access to those repositories giving you easy access to installing software that you need. It’s what’s called a community edition meaning that volunteers actually put this distribution together. Generally it’s a version behind the main version of Mint but still has everything you need.

Linux Mint KDE has a basic desktop that is already customized. It’s comes with a fresh blue look to it with the default KDE grey title bars. It’s set up quite a bit like Windows with the “start” button the bottom left, a basic taskbar, notification icons, and a clock. It’s your standard KDE layout for those who know what this look like.

It uses the new KDE 4 with the plasma desktop. If you are using the KDE edition of Mint, then you probably love the new plasma and don’t mind the extra resources that this uses over the old KDE 3. There are many who are split on the differences between the two but users have gradually accepted version four’s changes.

Some wonder why to use Mint’s KDE edition over something like Kubuntu since both are based on Ubuntu. Linux Mint comes with proprietary drivers installed to play music, dvd, flash, and java. These do not have to be installed by you at all unlike Kubuntu. By default it also uses Firefox and Thunderbird instead of the traditional KDE browser and mail programs. Mint also has some features like MintInstall and MintUpdate. These will help you get new applications installed and updated really easily.

If you don’t like the KDE edition, there are also Fluxbox, XFCE, and Gnome editions of Mint to try out as well as other distributions that use KDE.

Robert is an author who specializes in niche markets. Come visit his latest website http://www.dragonvoicerecognition.org for product information regarding voice recognition software.

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By Richard Hove

One huge advantage of Linux is it’s flexibility. Different pieces of open source software can be put together in order to make it work on certain types of hardware. One graphical user interface that is good for older hardware is Fluxbox. It Linux Mint Fluxboxuses so little resources that even a machine that is nearly 10 years old can run it well. The problem is that very few distributions actually have a Fluxbox edition. Linux Mint 8 has now come out with their Fluxbox edition meaning it’s one of the most modern and up to date versions of Linux that is using Fluxbox.

Linux Mint is a distribution that is based on Ubuntu. There are a few differences. First, it looks better than Ubuntu. Instead of the brown and orange colors, it uses greens and blacks to create a pretty slick looking desktop. It also comes with proprietary plugins already installed like Flash and Java as well as the codex that you will need to play certain music formats on your computer. While you can install these manually with Ubuntu, Mint has it done when you install the distribution.

Fluxbox can be added onto any Linux distribution. The problem is that you will have to configure it to work well. While this can be done by expert users, newer users have a hard time knowing all the pieces that you will need to make it work properly. Linux Mint 8 Fluxbox has all this already done for you setting it up so that everything works that way you need it to.

While it is made for older hardware, you might not be a huge fan of interfaces like Gnome and KDE. Fluxbox and XFCE are some popular alternatives to these. The advantage of Fluxbox is that it’s so simple that it doesn’t get in the way like other interfaces tend to do. You can use this edition even on a high power machine if that is something you want.

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