Tag: host

By Joe Duchesne

There are literally hundreds of thousands of web hosting companies out there. Many of these companies offer both Windows hosting and Linux hosting plans. Windows plans usually cost more because of the license costs imposed by Microsoft. Knowing this, how can you know when you need Windows hosting and when Linux hosting will work just as well or better? Keep reading to find out.

Windows operating systems are found on something like 95% of all personal computers in the world. With such a total dominance, Microsoft Windows is top of mind to most new people looking for web hosting.

In the web server world though, Windows based servers are behind less than 20% of all websites on the internet. This is according to the latest web server survey from securityspace.com. By choosing a Linux hosting plan, you will find yourself in good company.

When do you have to use Windows Hosting?

1. .NET technologies including ASP.net are not available on Linux platforms. If you have a website built with Microsoft .NET technologies you will have to choose a Windows hosting plan. In fact, if you need ASP without .NET features, most Linux hosting plans do not offer support for it.

2. Access Databases are only available with a Windows hosting plan. Access runs on a Microsoft Windows platform and cannot run on a Linux Operating system.

3. MSSQL is an enterprise class database put out by Microsoft. If you need an enterprise class database there are some alternatives that run on a Linux platform but if you need Microsoft’s MSSQL database, a Windows hosting plan will have to be your choice.

4. If you are using Microsoft’s Sharepoint services like some of the Sharepoint features found in Frontpage 2003, a Windows Hosting plan is your only choice.

What is the advantage to choosing Linux Hosting?

All the major services you need to run an enterprise class website are available on Linux based systems for free. Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP are being used together to provide the infrastructure behind some of the most traffic intensive sites on the internet.

PHP runs better on a Linux server than on a Windows server. Having said that, unless you are putting a heavy load on your PHP scripts, this will not be noticable.

In general, Linux hosting plans are at least 20% cheaper than Windows hosting plans. If you don’t need any of the features mentioned above, Linux hosting is a fine choice for your needs.

For Microsoft specific technologies, Windows hosting plans are usually your best bet. For everthing else, Linux hosting plans will usually do quite well. With the cost savings usually found with Linux hosting plans, Linux hosting is usually the right choice for you.

This article was written by Joe Duchesne, president of http://www.yowling.com/, a web hosting company that offers Linux Hosting plans. Copyright 2004 Yowling. Reprint Freely as long as you provide a clickable link back to my website from this resource box.

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By Ken W Richards

In this article I will explain how to safely migrate your website to a new host without losing search engine ranking. Or in other words, how NOT to migrate your site to another host and avoid the same mistakes that I have made.

Mistakes to Avoid

About five years ago, I needed to migrate my website to a new hosting platform. The problem was, I wanted to move the site to a Unix host and I had built a website using Active Server Pages hosted under Windows Internet Information Server (web server). At the time, my windows host had experienced significant downtime and numerous service outages which were impacting my business.

Being the competent programmer that I am, I decided to just convert the whole site to PHP so that it could easily be hosted on my newly acquired whiz bang fancy hosting server. That was not an undertaking that I took lightly, although I definitely should have paid more attention to the search engines before even considering this change.

I was of the naive opinion that since my website was still under the same domain name and the content was identical that search engines such as Google would realize that this is the same site and I wouldn’t lose any page rank. The major mistake that I made was that I had changed to a new scripting language which caused all of my URLs to change. Instead of a URL ending with portfolio.asp, I now had all of my pages with the new PHP extension like portfolio.php.

This was mistake number 1. My second mistake was not redirecting my original URLs using Apache’s URL rewriting module (mod_rewrite). This module will tell all visitors looking for the old pages, that a web page has permanently moved via an HTTP redirect (status code 301). Without this information, all of my hard-earned page rank was lost and by the time that I figured out what happened, it was too late for me to correct the problem.

This kind of mistake is every webmaster’s nightmare and definitely something you should hope to avoid. One thing you realize as a webmaster is that no website change should be taken lightly. Be aware of the implications of your actions on the search engines and also for visitors to your site who expect a certain level of usability and friendliness from you website.

Website Mistakes to Avoid

  • Changing your page URLs (script names, document path, or domain name)
  • Converting Your Site to Another Scripting Language so that the URL is affected (see above)
  • Duplicating content from one page to another
  • Duplicating content from one domain to another
  • Duplicating title tags
  • Duplicating META description tags

Duplicating content is a big concern for webmasters due to the way that search engines index content. When a search engine finds duplicate content, it will just ignore the duplicated content. Only content for the primary or most “authoritative” page will be indexed. As a webmaster, you will want to ensure that your content is unique and also relevant to the web page its located on.

Webmasters should also be careful not to duplicate content in TITLE and META DESCRIPTION elements which appear in the HEAD section of a document. This content is picked up by search engines and used to create the actual search results which appear in sites such as Yahoo and Bing.

How to Safely Migrate a Website

So now that you have read my admonitions, but you still want to migrate your site to a new host, here are some guidelines to follow to do so safely without losing page rank.

First and foremost, before you begin any migration, you must make sure your website conforms to the Google Webmaster Guidelines. These guidelines contain detailed instructions on what search engines look for in a website. The rules not only help you to make your site more usable for visitors and searchers, they also help you to rank better for important keywords for organic search marketing.

If you are changing URLs

If you are changing URLs for the pages on your site because you are converting to a new server-side scripting language or you are just re-organizing pages on your website, you should follow these additional guidelines:

  • Make sure you put a permanent redirect (HTTP status 301) for all of the old URLs on your site you wish to migrate.
  • If you really care about search engine rankings, minimize your use of Flash, Silverlight, Java and JavaScript.
  • All pages should be navigated using standard HTML hyperlinks
  • All relevant content should be embedded using plain old HTML

What if I lose Page Rank?

What should you do if you lose page rank after a migration? Whether you followed the guidelines above or not, you can still take corrective action as long as it hasn’t been too long since you performed your migration.

The first thought on a lot of webmaster’s minds is to revert the website back to the old version to attempt to regain the page rank. This may certainly be an option, but it is not one that I would advise. The following suggestions should help you to regain your page rank without reverting your website.

  • If you haven’t already, follow all of the guidelines above for migrating your site properly
  • This includes putting in all of the redirects for URLs which have changed
  • Google allows you to request reconsideration of your website due to poor ranking
  • Page rank can be lost as the result of a penalty incurred because a website has participated in a link-swapping scheme or purchased links for improving search engine rank.

Monitoring Your Ranking

There are a lot of tools available to webmasters who wish to track their website rankings. Check out Search Engine Optimization plug-ins for Firefox and Google Chrome browsers. They provide webmasters with a wealth of information for marketing your website. Some of the features they offer include search engine ranking, total pages indexed, number of backlinks, and any HTML validation errors that occurred while parsing the HTML markup.

Check out the Web Rank toolbar for the Firefox browser and Chrome SEO add-on for the Chrome browser. Also, the SEO site tools add-on for Chrome is very useful for tracking your search engine metrics. To learn more about online marketing of websites, check out the SEO Moz website. You will find lots of information here regarding optimizing and marketing your website.

Be sure to educate yourself on SEO and SEM because it is a continually evolving field and there are new discoveries and innovations being made all the time. Only through constant vigilance and persistence can webmasters hope to market and manage a business successfully.

Ken is the founder of Orvado Technologies, a San Diego Web Design company building custom web apps using search engine optimization and intuitive user interfaces.

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Linux Vs Windows Web Hosting

By George Szifo

Linux web hosting (often referred to as LAMP – Linux, Apache, MySQL & PHP) solutions are suitable for webmasters who use Linux hosting features, such as Perl programming, PHP programming and MySQL database.

Windows Web Hosting gives a company the capability of designing web sites using the ever-popular Windows Operating System. This allows development using technologies such as Active Server Pages (ASP), COM, and the newer.NET infrastructure.

Advantages of using Linux based server compared to Windows based web server:-

1.Stable:-

Linux operating system is very stable and robust. A website hosted on a Linux operating system will have very high up-time.

2. Low cost of ownership:-

Linux OS comes free of cost. Also, it has fully fledged server, and desk top applications that come free with the OS. These server applications (such as FTP, Web Server, DNS Server, File Server etc.) are also very stable.

3. Easy to move between hosts:

A website designed to host on a Linux server can be hosted on a Windows server easily, where as the reverse is not always true.

4. Most widely used: Linux/Unix based web hosting is most widely used compared to Windows web hosting.

5. Scalability: A web site designed for compatibility with a Linux/Unix based web server meets the scalability requirement easily without making any site wide design changes.

Disadvantage:-

Linux based web server is not fully compatible with Microsoft technologies. If you are using any specialized applications or VB for development of your web site, it is preferable to host with a Windows based web server.

Both these web server are used by users for different purposes and the selection of the web hosting depends upon the nature of the website or business. Linux server administration and Linux server management has been more effective for complex websites, where as Windows servers are used for sites which needs different configuration.

 

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By Justin Knights

Both Linux and Unix sound very similar to each other and they are both in fact is similar because they have many things associated with one another. Both can be used as an operating system that can do well for you but in order to have a better picture on the difference between them, let us take a further look into them.

In the older days, Unix was the only option for corporations. Linux was an operating system that spawned off from Unix. It was initially an academic project and was not even being considered for networking purposes. Things only changed after a few years as the system head mainstream because there a many software developers out there using it and providing support for it. Since then, Linux has emerged to be a solution for small to medium sized operations while Unix remains the choice for more demanding operations where multiple process and systems are involved.

As for the cost for the distribution of these two systems, Linux will be ahead of Unix because it remains as an open-sourced option. Users can obtain it for free unless they are planning to use it on a server environment. If that is the case, they might have to make a initial purchase. Unix on the other hand requires a fee making it costlier than Linux. If you include hardware, a Unix server might cost from $25,000 and above. therefore, Unix is in a difficult position to be competitive towards Linux. This makes it even easier for users to choose the latter of the two hosting option.

The growth of Linux in recent years has been proving it to be a solid solution for users out thee especially when used in a server-based operating system. This has force Unix to customize their features to make it more compatible with Linux in order to stay competitive. Unix systems like AIX, Solaris and HP-UX have all been modified and integrated to make it more similar to Linux. So, you can say that Linux has become more powerful than Unix in today’s world of operating system.

Before I end this article…

Without doubt, web hosting is a must-learn topic for every modern business owner nowadays. Since you are reading this article, there are high chances that you are actually one of us that need guides in term of website hosting.

If you are new and are having hard time picking up the right web host, I suggest you to have a look on TopWebHostReview.net. It’s an informative site that help cut the guess work and provides useful web host buying guide. I am sure their unbiased hosting reviews and top web host awards ( like this Best WordPress Hosting ) will help you to select the best web host in no time.

This article is written by Justin Knights, a freelance techie who loves to write about web hosting and development tips.

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By John Lenaghan

Windows or Unix/Linux – which operating system should you choose for your web hosting? This question is often asked when webmasters start looking for web site hosting. The operating system you choose can make a big difference in your business plans as your website grows.

Windows-Based Web Hosts

Windows-based servers use programs such as Microsoft Access and MS SQL for “back-end” operations. Scripting is also handled by Microsoft technologies such as ASP (Active Server Pages) and VBScript.

Perhaps more importantly, Windows-based servers can easily be managed and multiplexed by using .NET technology. They offer excellent support, security and integration for Microsoft products.

They’re a good choice for either shared or dedicated hosting, but the features offered by Windows servers do come at an extra cost which may be an issue for small businesses.

The reason there is often a higher cost associated with Windows servers is because the software they are based on costs the hosting company money. They have to buy them all from Microsoft, and that cost gets passed on to you.

This is in comparison to the free software technologies which are generally used on Unix or Linux-based servers.

Unix/Linux-Based Web Hosts

Unix and Linux are two different operating systems, but because they work essentially the same way, we’ll consider them as one for the purposes of this article.

One of the most important characteristics of Unix-based servers is that they can handle a large amount of traffic. Unix is a robust operating system and can easily handle hosting multiple websites on a single server.

They’re also very flexible and the services running on a given webserver are easily customizable. Unlike Windows, Unix servers aren’t limited to special remote administration programs. Any computer with an internet connection can login to a typical Unix server using freely available software.

A lot of webmasters choose Unix over Windows because of the server uptime. Windows servers can provide very good uptime as well, but to do so the web hosting company has to be proficient with Microsoft systems. There tend to be more hosts who are familiar with Unix than with Windows on the hosting side of things.

So Which is the Right Choice?

For the average website, a Unix hosting plan is often the best choice. However, if you need to use Microsoft technologies such as Access or MS SQL databases, or ASP or VBScript scripting languages, you should opt for a Windows host.

Note that even though Frontpage is a Microsoft product, it is supported by both Windows and Unix hosts. If you’re considering a Unix host and using Frontpage, make sure they offer “Frontpage Extensions” support.

John Lenaghan writes about Unix & Windows web hosting, business hosting and other website hosting topics on the Hosting Report website. Find out more at http://www.hostingreport.org

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By Daryl DSouza

Websites have become a need for many entrepreneurs. Small and large enterprises, alike, make sure that they have a website to represent their business. But having a website is not a child’s play! You need to take care of many things. Choosing a web hosting company is the easiest option available to you. You need not worry about anything that way. The company will see to all your hosting needs. However, this easy way out may prove disastrous, if you do not choose an appropriate web hosting company.

There are many things to consider before finalizing a web hosting company. The service provider should have the technical expertise and resources to host a website. It should not be a novice to this field. The services should be affordable. Less downtime, technical support, and back-up services are mandatory traits. Apart from all this, clients also need to find out which operating systems the web hosting company hosts its website. There are four operating systems to host a website. They cannot be compared to each other. Each one is good in its own way. The four operating systems can be given as below:

*Windows: Microsoft Windows is a popular operating system amongst website hosting companies. It is a good choice for both – shared servers and dedicated server. It can easily integrate Microsoft products. Support can be easily procured for this OS. However, running a Windows operating system may prove expensive. You should select windows web hosting company, only if you are acquainted with maintaining Window systems.

*Linux: Linux has many advantages over Windows. It is cheaper than Windows. It is platform independent. Anybody can use access the website, no matter which operating system they are using. However, new users may not find it easy to use. Besides, Linux come from different companies. There is no standard edition of Linux like Windows. You can go for it if you are planning to host your site on a shared server. Using it on a dedicated server is not advisable.

*Unix: Unix is similar to Linux. There are many advantages associated with a Unix web hosting company. As compared to Windows; Unix enjoys high up-time, better server load handling capacity, and reliability. However, availability of Unix software is less in the market. It is not used as much as Windows or Linux, because it is more expensive than Linux. The hardware for Unix is more specific. It is recommended for virtual web server.

*Macintosh: Macintosh operating systems are rarely found. You may find it very difficult to find a web hosting company to host it on Macintosh. However, it is the most secured OS. Hackers may not be able to hack the server easily. It is the most expensive OS in the four operating systems.

These are the four operating systems on which a web hosting company can host your website. One cannot debate on which OS is better! It largely depends on the programming language you used to create your website and the applications you run on your web server. Web hosting companies usually host the website on Windows or Linux. You need to consider all the aspects before finalizing on which operating system to use.

Author is connected with web hosting company India – Zysek. Author often writes Indian website hosting and managed IT services in India articles. Check more information at Zysek.com.

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By Paul Santos

Windows and UNIX are in fact two different systems and of course we are referring to computer systems. A web host uses computers, (we shall refer to them as servers, just computers, but sometimes larger) to host websites, and all computers need a operating system, so Windows and UNIX are the operating system.

The Windows used is normally Windows NT or 2000 and of course as you know Microsoft charges for it’s software, while UNIX is an open source operating system, this means that the original creators of the system have given up the rights and anyone can use it, change, improve or do anything they want with, free of charge.

From this we already have to main differences, Window hosts are more expensive and UNIX is more reliable, because it as been improved by thousands of anonymous people. Most probably you are reading this in front of your computer which most probably is operates on a Windows XP, have you noticed that it sometimes, it freezes, and the only solution is to restart it? UNIX is much more stable, robust, time-tested, flexible platform for a web server.

But Windows servers have also it’s positive sides, they are compatible with Microsoft applications, and fully support Microsoft FrontPage, Microsoft Access and MS SQL, they also offer advance-programming environments and features such as Active Server Pages (ASP), the ASP.NET framework, Visual Basic Scripts, MS Index Server, Macromedia’s and Cold Fusion.

Windows operating system require little or no experience in web development to get advanced features working very quickly because of better graphical user interface (GUI) Software such as Microsoft’s FrontPage is specially developed for the webmaster to decrease the website development time and efforts.

Lets go back again to UNIX, they support FrontPage, Flash, Shockwave, Real Audio/Video, Cgi Scripts, Perl, PHP, SSH (Secure Telnet), MySQL, Web-Based Control System, Anonymous FTP, Web Site Graphical Statistics, Web-Based Email System, Miva/XML, Cold Fusion Perl, JAVA, PHP, C, C++, Miva, Shell Access and other wide verity of feature like Telnet and SSH that provides lots of flexibility and freedom in managing file and directories, but some of this require advance knowledge of Unix commands in order for you to customize the scripts to match your website needs. Because of the nature of UNIX, (open source) and the people who love it, there is on the WWW freely available software and scripts, again bringing the cost down.

Concluding which one is the best, it really depends what you need, if you need high uptime, security and not so expensive then go with UNIX, if you need to run Windows applications like, MS Access or the MS SQL SERVER then Windows is your choice.

Paul Santos
CEO
Hosting Marketers
Red5 Hosting

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By Trevor Mulholland

If you’re in the USA, and you’re planning to get into the USA reseller web hosting industry, you need to consider one major issue, first and foremost: would you like to offer Unix-ready features along with Microsoft-only ones?

Offering Microsoft-only services may seem to be the smart choice, but supporting Unix is its own asset, which could open a world of opportunities for you as a USA reseller web hosting outfit. In fact, if you have avenues to ask for both Microsoft and Unix support from your web host, all the better!

One downside to reselling web space instead of putting up your own server is that you don’t get to control the basics. As a reseller, you may be able to change things around via the standard control panel. You may even have limited access to certain features like merchant accounts and secure site hosting. But when you want to switch between operating systems, or OS-es – it’s unfortunately not your call, but your web host’s.

Web hosts determine the kind of OS-es that run on their servers. Many web hosts offer both Windows and Unix features, by using Unix machines as servers, and then just running Windows programs and servers within these machines. Over time, Unix server OSes have become increasingly tolerant of Windows programs, which makes a Unix server a sweet deal for web hosts and resellers alike.

Unix servers are cost efficient because they are ideal for running open source programs. Preferring open source programs help save on operational costs, since they’re mostly free for use, depending on the specifications of the persons or outfits who developed the codes to be used. When you run paid programs or servers on your machines, you don’t only need to think of the cost of buying the software – you also need to consider the potential costs of license renewal.

There is, after all, no assurance that software licensing will cost the same throughout the years! And you have to consider that in your profit projections if you are running a webhost. Thankfully, you don’t need to be concerned with that as a reseller. However, as a reseller, you should be aware of what software your potential customers will need.

If your web host only supports Unix and open source features, you run the risk of losing a big part of your clientele. But you run the same risk if your host only supports Microsoft and Windows! As a USA reseller web hosting outfit, you should be intimately aware of the needs of your target market.

ResellerShed.com provides you with info on Affordable hosting reseller, usa reseller web hosting and much more, come take a look at http://www.resellershed.com/.

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UNIX Or Windows Hosting

By Alesia Arefjeva

This question, the answer on which is obvious to the experienced webmaster, can stump the beginner.

There is a comparison of two most popular platforms – UNIX and Windows, supported by overwhelming majority of providers. Besides, we attempt to dispel some wrong representations concerning these platforms.

One of the greatest errors among beginners is that one should place a site on that platform which was used for development i.e. if it is supposed to place the project on a server under UNIX, so it is obligatory to construct it on a machine which also uses UNIX. This is not an absolute truth. The Operating system with which you work on the computer while creating a site, can be whatever.

Convenience in Usage of a hosting platform

For the last years providers have put maximum of efforts to facilitate administration of sites to clients both under UNIX and under Windows. Today there is no difference between these platforms in relation to ease and simplicity of usage. If you are a sophisticated user and prefer to use shell, select UNIX. However, if you are the beginner, you find user-friendly control panel with the web interface on both platforms.

Hosting Reliability

Experts agree in opinion that UNIX is more reliable. However, my personal experience of 3-year-old IIS 3.0 maintenance under Windows NT 4.0, shows that reliability of a Windows platform can be approximated considerably to UNIX. In a much bigger degree reliability is influenced by professional level of serving staff. It means that you can make solution on a platform choice, considering at first other differences in features of platforms.

Hosting Speed

There is no essential difference between these two platforms concerning speed at hosting problem solving.

Hosting functionality

It is the factor on which two platforms differ most of all. But there can be tasks realized on one platform and which cannot be realized on another. The main difference is: how this result is reached. For example, if your site uses a database, you can use or sheaf PHP/MySQL under UNIX or ASP/MS SQL under Windows. The tendency of development of solutions which will be supported on both platforms is tracked. For example, Microsoft FrontPage, is supported both on UNIX and on Windows.

Hosting cost

Here UNIX for the present favorably differs because, first, the majority of software products under UNIX extends under free licenses, and secondly, it is much easier to achieve the same level of reliability and efficiency on UNIX, than on Windows.

If you definitely do not plan to use technologies and the solutions supported only by a platform of Windows (see below) most likely it makes sense to select UNIX platform.

Alesia Arefjeva is a web marketer – website hosting and domain name registration provider.

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Web Hosting on UNIX Servers

By Amit Bhawani

For anyone who wishes to engage in doing business on the Internet, the first step should always be to determine which web hosting company will host the businesses website. It can be easy to determine the lowest price, as well as finding testimonials from customers about their experience with a respective hosting provider. What might not be as easy for the average person to determine is whether the need UNIX hosting or Windows hosting. Choosing web hosting on UNIX servers has advantages over Windows servers.

UNIX hosting has a reputation for being far more stable than Windows. While Windows has become more stable of late, many hosting service providers continue to use UNIX for its ongoing and long-time stability history. In addition to the stability advantage associated with web hosting on UNIX servers benefits such as free applications can also be found from some hosting companies. If you have programming knowledge, it is possible for you to further develop many open source programs that are available to web masters on UNIX servers. Your business may rely on some applications being further developed so the advantage of them being open source goes without saying.

Some knowledge of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) clients should be acquired or navigating around the interface can at times be trying if one is new the web hosting on UNIX servers. The tech support offered by your web hosting company can also assist when necessary. The main reason UNIX servers remain a stable hosting base is that the operating system consumes much fewer resources leading to faster performing sites from the loading time of the website to download speeds, unlike the Windows based OS which is quite complex to understand, setup and is also not completely secured.

Whereas updates to Windows often result in significant financial costs, developers continue to freely release updates to the Linux operating system. When these updates are available one can update their operating system free of charge and keep the performance of the website at a high level. Using Windows also requires you to place your website into a temporary offline state prior to the upgrade. Linux provides much smoother transitions. These are just some of the advantages to web hosting on UNIX servers. If you are considering taking you business to the Internet it is important to do your homework regarding hosting services in order to determine the best service provider and hosting platform for the success of your business.

Amit Bhawani is a Professional Blogger who is a partner at Digital World Solutions and offers useful website development tips online. In order to find out more on Multiple Domain Hosting and similar website and webmaster related guides, check out Best Hosting Advices.

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